Learn to identify the most common symptoms
Obsessive compulsive disorder
article by Dr. Mariangel Leota
It is important to learn what characterizes the obsessive-compulsive disorder, the most common of these disorders are their behaviors and irrational actions caused by obsessions to certain circumstances or objects, in addition to the performance of repetitive patterns such as permanent response, called “compulsions”
The whole obsession-compulsion is a vicious circle that can be very harmful to the life of a person, the permanent obsession is accompanied by their respective compulsion. This type of disorder is characterized by being produced and fed by anxiety.
The type of obsessions that characterize this disorder is related to fear and anguish, being able to interfere in personal and work life. Normally this type of people has problems to develop in society and to develop in the workplace, in addition to suffering depression and stress.
When a person has identified that he is the victim of his own obsessions, the most common is that he tries to ignore them, often ending up in failed attempts, increasing even more the anguish, anxiety and stress. Obsessive-compulsive disorder can become a serious vicious circle that leads to deep states of stress.
Certain subjects are usually quite common in obsessive compulsive disorders (OCD), many of them related to the damage they can suffer from objects or anything they cannot see, but often imagine them as worse, for example, fear Pollution with germs is usually very common, people who suffer from these disorders are usually obsessive about cleaning, going so far as to hurt themselves or cause discomfort in other people living next to it.
It is not always known that you suffer from this disorder (OCD), some people who usually realize, may come to feel ashamed and refuse to seek professional help. The best option will always be helped, especially by an expert in the field who can help you get rid of the permanent anguish of obsessions and absurd compulsions.
Most common symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
The symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder can often go unnoticed, some obsessions can invade your daily activities and influence your personal life until you reach the point where you are aware of this disorder. The important thing is to put willingness and willingness to accept help.
Most common obsessions
Obsessions are characterized by repetitive type thoughts, these kinds of thoughts can be totally tormenting, and can even dominate all your actions. The obsessions are the result of the anguish and anxiety that this general. These kinds of obsessions can invade your way of thinking or acting.
In general, the obsessions of this disorder have a certain pattern, which psychologists and psychiatrists can recognize. Some of the most common obsessions are:
- Anxiety due to contamination to any area of the body or on any surface, for example, being contaminated if you walk barefoot or touch any surface that you think is contaminated. This type of obsessions has as a result compulsive people with extreme cleanliness.
- Symmetrical order: The obsession to see everything in symmetrical order to generate anxiety disorders, which can be aggravated quickly. It is associated with the same obsession with order and can generate strong stress.
- Obsession of attacking other people: Obsessions can also be about people. This type of repetitive and obsessive thoughts can create situations where many facts that have not happened are assumed, for example, obsessed with the supposed person who have taken away your job or have brought you problems with your partner.
- Sexual obsessions: Very common in rapists, obsessions can also be sexual. This type of thinking is very associated with rejection and frustrations. Sexual obsessions are very dangerous and can end in aggression on other people.
- Religious obsessions: Obsession and fanaticism by any religion or its dogmas. It is very common for people who are obsessed to try to intervene or change the lives of other people, harassing them, judging them or even taking action of any kind (eg, workplace harassment, physical and verbal aggression).
Among the most common episodes experienced by these people suffering from obsessive compulsive disorders are:
- Obsessive doubts about whether they closed any doors or windows: They may obsessively doubt whether they closed the doors of their house or all the windows, even though they have reviewed it countless times.
- Stress when the objects are not arranged as they wish: Violent behaviors usually occur when the order is not what they have proposed. For example, accommodate clothes by color or size.
- Speaking or shouting obscenities at any person: To people known or unknown, it is also usually an episode of people with this disorder, especially those obsessed with a specific person.
- Avoid situations that may trigger other obsessions: As a way to protect themselves and avoid reversing this disorder, they also tend to avoid everything that reminds them of past obsessions or that they consider triggering other obsessions, an example of this is to shy away from meeting new people or new places. This type of people always tends to wear the same clothes, usually take the same route to any site and not make any kind of change in their life.
Most common compulsions
Compulsions are repetitive acts that, due to obsessions, you feel obliged to do them. This type of behavior tends to be the trigger for deeper disorders of anxiety, anxiety and later stress. This type of act is usually what you do to “prevent something bad from happening”. It’s a common response to obsessions, and believe it or not, compulsions can be more common activities than you think.
Some know them as kind of rules or ways to be lucky, any activity that calms the anxiety caused by the obsessions is performed. Sometimes these compulsions are often really absurd and excessive, often invalidating the way you work, meet new places or new people
Among the most common compulsions are:
- Wash your hands or any area of the body to break or hurt yourself: To hurt your hands due to the friction of any sponge, in order to eliminate the microbes that the obsession makes believe you have.
- Close the same door several times: As a ritual or way of fulfilling the anguishing obsession, they usually check several times if they have closed the same door or window.
- Walk using certain patterns: Among the most common, walk without stepping on the lines that join the ceramics, walk without stepping on any scratches, walk in parallel directions, among another list of obsessions.
Repeat a word under any circumstance: Repeat a phrase or word in a low voice. They can also be found talking to themselves.
At what point can obsessive-compulsive disorder start?
In general, these types of disorders are usually triggered during adolescence. During this stage of life, due to maturation and some hormonal changes, anxiety is usually more frequent, in addition to gradually increasing the state of stress.
In this sense, this disorder is usually triggered in this period of time, as small obsessive traits or compulsions that are made unconsciously. The important thing is to know how much it affects your personal life and know that you need professional help to overcome it.
How to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder naturally?
It is fundamental to admit that the worries are irrational and that they do not have a real base sustained. One of the objectives of the customs or rituals is to calm the anxiety, however, many consider that if they do not carry them out, something extremely tragic will happen in their lives or those around them.
If you do not wash your hands every time (one of the most common OCD), you will get sick. The bases of that habitual action, the compulsions to think or act always in the same way and the irrational thoughts, must be eliminated.
The concerns have no real basis, they are usually an exaggeration of the facts. What happens if that ritual is not performed? Life continues without problems, although it is true that anxiety can increase. However, after a few minutes it will begin to dissipate.
You have to understand that rituals are not the only way to calm anxiety. They reassure only for the moment they are being performed, but after a few minutes or hours, that horrible sensation reappears. In the long term, in turn, they only exacerbate the problem.
It is a kind of momentary “escape valve”, but under no aspect, the final solution, even partial. There are other effective strategies to reduce anxiety levels, such as breathing slowly, practicing meditation or yoga, listening to relaxing music, taking a dip bath, etc.
You have to accept the obsessions. It is common for patients with OCD to be ashamed of their condition and therefore not accept it. It is difficult to hear them say that it is an absurd obsession, a routine without foundations, etc. Surely, they will avoid the subject, they will find any kind of excuse to be right, they will escape from reality.
None of this helps in the painting. It has been shown that the more you try to hide something, the more it comes to light. The same happens with the need to deny a problem, because it is reinforced. The mind is trained to repeat the same parameters over and over again because it feels comfortable in that position. When something unbalances that routine, does not know for “where to run”, is like “cornered”.