Diabetes Type 2 Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Diabetes Type 2 Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

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Discover 9 natural treatments for type 2 diabetes

article by Dr. Mariangel Leota

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by the body’s resistance to insulin and the increase in blood sugar levels, which produces classic symptoms such as dry mouth sensation, increased urination, increased thirst, and even, weight loss without apparent cause

Unlike type 1 diabetes, people are not born with type 2 diabetes, but develop the disease over the years due to unhealthy lifestyle habits, especially excessive consumption of carbohydrates in food and style. of sedentary life.

Depending on the degree of alteration in sugar levels, treatment may be based on making some changes in diet and lifestyle, or include medications, such as oral antidiabetics or insulin, which must always be prescribed by a doctor. doctor. In most cases where it is not necessary to use medications, diabetes can have a complete cure.

What are the tests that confirm Type 2 diabetes?

The diagnosis of diabetes mellitus type 2 is made through a blood or urine test, which evaluates the amount of glucose in the body. This test is usually done in fasting and must be done in 2 different days, in order to make the comparison between the results.

The glucose reference values ​​in aid are up to 110 mg / dL in blood. When the person has fasting glucose values ​​between 110 and 125 mg / dL, he is diagnosed as prediabetes and when he has fasting glucose higher than 126 mg / dL he may have diabetes.

How the treatment is done

The first form of treatment for type 2 diabetes is the adoption of a balanced diet with less sugar and other forms of carbohydrates. In addition, it is also important to do physical exercise at least 3 times a week.

After these recommendations, in case the levels are not normalized, the doctor can advise the use of oral antidiabetics, which are tablets that help control blood sugar levels.

The use of insulin is the last treatment option and, generally, people who start their use do not get the cure of the disease, needing to maintain a daily verification of the sugar levels and the corresponding insulin administration, for the rest of the life.

Possible consequences of type 2 diabetes

When the treatment of diabetes does not start in time, the disease can cause several complications in the body, related to the accumulation of sugar in various types of tissues. Some of the most common include:

  • Serious changes in vision that can lead to blindness;
  • Poor healing of wounds that can lead to necrosis and amputation of the limb;
  • Dysfunctions in the central nervous system;
  • Cardiac complications and coma.

These complications can also occur when people are doing the treatment but do not follow the medical guidelines correctly.

Natural treatment for type 2 diabetes


This spice helps the production of insulin and lowers sugar levels. Use it in everything you can: tea, drinks, or even directly consuming a teaspoon for 40 days.


If the day is clear, take advantage! The sun is linked to the proper functioning of vitamin D in the body, which in turn helps produce more insulin. Who would say that the sun would be one of the natural remedies against diabetes?

Vitamin D is widely related to the natural treatment of type 2 diabetes, one of its main effects is to enhance the effect of insulin to decrease excess blood glucose.

Aloe vera

Among its countless benefits, aloe vera can help fight diabetes for its content of phytosterols, which have anti-glycemic properties, something especially beneficial for those with type 2 diabetes. The best way to use this magic plant is drinking it, preparing it as juice or in infusion.

Curry leaves

Chewing these leaves is a traditional and reliable way to reduce the symptoms of diabetes. Thanks to its effect, which prevents starches from turning into simple sugars such as glucose, this leaf can help patients with diabetes. It also helps reduce cholesterol levels and obesity, which makes it a powerful preventive, as well as an optimal natural remedy against diabetes.

Its consumption is recommended especially during the morning, before breakfast, to reduce blood glucose levels.


Some studies have suggested that the skin of grapes contains an extract that helps inhibit hyperglycemic activity. They also serve to avoid the anxiety of eating something sweet, although for its content of fructose should not be consumed in excess.

Resveratrol from grapes are also able to decrease the risk of type 2 diabetes because they decrease insulin resistance. Its tissue regenerating effect also decreases the low scarring effect of type 2 diabetes.


This root of Asia and Africa helps, among other things, to control the level of sugars in the blood, by converting glucose into muscle cells without the help of insulin.

Ginger decreases the high impact of excess glucose on muscle cells, decreasing the symptoms that occur during diabetes. Ginger is an immense relief for type 2 diabetes.

You can prepare it in tea, scratch it in drinks or use it as a dressing in stews or salads.


This cactus also reduces blood sugar levels, thanks to some substances and their fiber, which makes the cactus one of the best natural remedies against diabetes. You can prepare it in many ways; for example, roast, or in juices and smoothies.

Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar It is famous for its versatility of uses. One of the most studied studies is the control of blood glucose. The effect of apple cider vinegar on the levels is one of the most promising benefits of this food. Two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar before bed reduces the glucose level in the morning by approximately 5%.

Green Tea

This millenary drink contributes to raise the sensitivity of insulin and to avoid common cardiovascular problems. If you are bored with hot drinks, you can also prepare it as a smoothie.

The large number of antioxidants that make green tea so famous eliminates the risk of suffering from insulin resistance and decreases the risk of type 2 diabetes.

What kind of food can you eat if you suffer from type 2 diabetes?

The carbohydrates

Complex carbohydrates are good foods to control diabetes.

The sugars, among which glucose is found, belong to the group of carbohydrates.

You might think that reducing or eliminating the intake of sugars in the diet could solve the problem of diabetes. However, this is not so simple, because this measure is not enough to treat the disease.

Within carbohydrates, we find two types of compounds. Both play an important role in diabetes:

  • Sugars or “simple” carbohydrates, which release a large amount of glucose quickly into the blood. Here white sugar is included, some sweeteners, fruits, juices, sugary drinks, milk and yogurt, chocolate and pastries.
  • Starches or “complex” carbohydrates, which allow a more progressive release of glucose, in a healthier way. Some foods that contain starches are rice, pasta, potato, bread or cereals.

Because of this, in order to control diabetes, it is necessary to reduce their intake, especially that of sugars. In this sense, we can find certain natural sweeteners, which can help control glucose levels.

Natural sweeteners: food alternatives for diabetes.


If we talk about natural sweeteners, stevia is one of the most important, able to provide a flavor but without adding calories.

Stevia becomes an excellent food for diabetes. It allows to stabilize the optimal levels of sugar

In this way, it is able to counteract to a certain extent the effects of type 2 diabetes.

Likewise, it can have positive effects in relation to glucose tolerance and helps control body weight. Therefore, it becomes a compound with excellent properties in the control of diabetes.

Oils and fats

Foods with fats.

The diabetic patient must control the consumption of fats in their food.

The consumption of foods rich in fats does not usually have such a direct effect as those that are rich in carbohydrates. 

However, excessive consumption of these foods can end up causing dysregulation of glucose levels.

Likewise, it can lead to obesity and alter metabolic parameters that would harm the health of people. Especially, in those who have diabetes.

In this way, it is advisable to avoid saturated fats mainly. These are usually present in foods such as hamburgers, fried foods, bacon or butter.

Instead, you can choose foods that contain polyunsaturated or monounsaturated fats. For example, those with fish, nuts or vegetable oils.

Fiber diet

The consumption of fiber present in foods such as oats, barley, fruits, vegetables or legumes should be increased, since these are very good foods to control diabetes.

Fiber slows digestion and absorption of carbohydrates. In this way, it regulates the rise in blood glucose that occurs after meals. Therefore, fiber intake can help control glycemic levels in people with diabetes.

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